xperiandri / Snowflaqe

A dotnet CLI to generate type-safe GraphQL clients for F# and Fable with automatic deserialization, static query verification and type checking

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Snowflaqe Build status Nuget

A dotnet CLI tool for generating type-safe GraphQL clients for F#.


  • Static query analysis, verification and type checking against a remote or local GraphQL schema.
  • Generating idiomatic F# types from GraphQL queries
  • Generating type-safe Fable or F# GraphQL client project in a single command. This project can be then referenced by your application and will be ready to go.
  • Supports GraphQL interfaces and unions
  • Resolves type name collisions when re-using types in a single query
  • Generates a HTTP client with functions that correspond to the query or mutation names. These functions handle exact JSON deserialization for the returned data.
  • Tested with different GraphQL backends generated from graphql-dotnet, hasura, postgraphile and absinthe.


Install as a global dotnet CLI tool

dotnet tool install snowflaqe -g

Using The Tool

Create a JSON file called snowflaqe.json with the following shape:

    "schema": "<schema>",
    "queries": "<queries>",
    "project": "<project>",
    "output": "<output>"
    ["target"]: "<target>",
    ["errorType"]: <custom error type>,
    ["overrideClientName"]: "<clientName>",
    ["copyLocalLockFileAssemblies"]: <true | false>,
    ["emitMetadata"]: <true | false>,
    ["createProjectFile"]: <true | false>,
    ["normalizeEnumCases"]: <true | false>,
    ["asyncReturnType"]: <"async" | "task">
    ["serializer"]: <"newtonsoft" | "system">


  • <schema> can be one of:
    • A URL to the GraphQL backend
    • A relative path to another JSON file containing the output of the standard Introspection query which you can execute against the backend yourself (this allows for offline verification and type-checking)
    • A relative path to a file with extension .gql or .graphql containing the schema definitions and types
  • <queries> is an absolute or relative path to a directory that contains *.gql files that contain individual GraphQL queries that snowflaqe will run the verification against.
  • <project> is the name of the project will be generated.
  • <output> is an absolute or relative path to a directory where the project will be generated. It is recommended to use an empty directory relative to configuration file because each time you generate and regenarate the project, this directory is cleaned.
  • <errorType> optional custom error type to be generated. See below to learn more.
  • <clientName> optional name for the GraphqlClient class which is {project}GraphqlClient by default when you don't provide this property.
  • <copyLocalLockFileAssemblies> Adds the attribute to the generated F# project for scenarios where embedding the dependencies is required
  • <emitMetadata> when set to true, emits code generation metadata as comments into the output modules. The option is set to false by default.
  • <normalizeEnumCases> determines whether enum case names should be normalized (true by default when omitted)
  • createProjectFile determines whether snowflaqe should output a .fsproj file when set to true (default value) or output a .props file instead when set to false
  • asyncReturnType when targetting F# on dotnet, determines the output type of the client functions, whether they return Async<'T> when this option is set to "async" or return Task<'T> when set to "task". This option is not compatible for Fable projects since Fable doesn't support tasks.
  • serializer: for fsharp targets, determines whether to use Newtonsoft.Json (default) as the JSON serializer or System.Text.Json when set to "system".
  • <target> optional the code-generation target which can either be fable (default), fsharp or shared.

Using shared as a code generation target actually builds 3 projects! One contains just the types and can be shared across platforms. The other two reference this shared projects and implement Fable specific client and dotnet specific client, respectively.

After creating the configuration file. You can cd your way to where you have the config file and run:


which will by default only do static query verification and static type-checking against the <schema>. You can also reference the configuration file in another directory via a relative path:

snowflaqe --config ./src/snowflaqe.json

In this case, the file doesn't necessarily have to be called snowflaqe.json.

Generate Client Project

snowflaqe --generate

snowflaqe --config ./path/to/snowflaqe.json --generate

Will generate a full project in the designated output directory. You can start using the generated project by referencing it from another project using a reference as follows:

<ProjectReference Include=".\path\to\generated\Project.fsproj" />

You can either do this manually or using an IDE such as Visual Studio or Rider that allow you to Right Click -> Add Existing Project.

You don't need to reference extra packages or anything, once you dotnet restore the generated project will pull in the packages that it requires.

It is worth mentioning that the generated project will target netstandard2.0 which means you can use anywhere in .NET Core or even in full .NET Framework v4.7.1+


Here are screenshots of how such generated project looks like. In this case, we have a project generated from the Github GraphQL API (Fable target):

Given the query


The corresponding query types are generated


All queries and mutations can be called from a dedicated GraphqlClient


Custom Error Type

By default, the error type that is generated in the global types looks like this:

type ErrorType = { message: string }

This type is important because every request you make to the GraphQL backend returns Result<Query, ErrorType list> but the errors that come back are usually determined by the backend and not exposed through the schema. That is why you can customize this error type using the errorType configuration element:

    "schema": "<schema>",
    "queries: "<queries>",
    "project": "<project>",
    "output": "<output>",
    "errorType": {
        "CustomErrorType": {
            "Message": "string"
            "Path": "string list"
            "RequestId": "string"

which will generate:

type CustomErrorType = {
    Message: string
    Path: string list
    RequestId: string

Not Supported

There are a couple of features of the GraphQL specs which snowflaqe doesn't (yet) know how to work with:

  • Subscriptions


A dotnet CLI to generate type-safe GraphQL clients for F# and Fable with automatic deserialization, static query verification and type checking

License:MIT License


Language:F# 100.0%