xerial / sqlite-jdbc

SQLite JDBC Driver

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SQLite JDBC Driver

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SQLite JDBC is a library for accessing and creating SQLite database files in Java.

Our SQLiteJDBC library requires no configuration since native libraries for major OSs, including Windows, macOS, Linux etc., are assembled into a single JAR (Java Archive) file.


➡️ More usage examples and configuration are available in USAGE.md

SQLite JDBC is a library for accessing SQLite databases through the JDBC API. For the general usage of JDBC, see JDBC Tutorial or Oracle JDBC Documentation.

  1. Download sqlite-jdbc- then append this jar file into your classpath.

  2. Open a SQLite database connection from your code. (see the example below)

Example usage

Assuming sqlite-jdbc- is placed in the current directory.

> javac Sample.java
> java -classpath ".;sqlite-jdbc-" Sample   # in Windows
> java -classpath ".:sqlite-jdbc-" Sample   # in macOS or Linux
name = leo
id = 1
name = yui
id = 2


    import java.sql.Connection;
    import java.sql.DriverManager;
    import java.sql.ResultSet;
    import java.sql.SQLException;
    import java.sql.Statement;

    public class Sample
      public static void main(String[] args)
        Connection connection = null;
          // create a database connection
          connection = DriverManager.getConnection("jdbc:sqlite:sample.db");
          Statement statement = connection.createStatement();
          statement.setQueryTimeout(30);  // set timeout to 30 sec.

          statement.executeUpdate("drop table if exists person");
          statement.executeUpdate("create table person (id integer, name string)");
          statement.executeUpdate("insert into person values(1, 'leo')");
          statement.executeUpdate("insert into person values(2, 'yui')");
          ResultSet rs = statement.executeQuery("select * from person");
            // read the result set
            System.out.println("name = " + rs.getString("name"));
            System.out.println("id = " + rs.getInt("id"));
        catch(SQLException e)
          // if the error message is "out of memory",
          // it probably means no database file is found
            if(connection != null)
          catch(SQLException e)
            // connection close failed.

How does SQLiteJDBC work?

Our SQLite JDBC driver package (i.e., sqlite-jdbc- contains three types of native SQLite libraries (sqlitejdbc.dll, sqlitejdbc.jnilib, sqlitejdbc.so), each of them is compiled for Windows, macOS and Linux. An appropriate native library file is automatically extracted into your OS’s temporary folder, when your program loads org.sqlite.JDBC driver.

Supported Operating Systems

Since sqlite-jdbc-3.6.19, the natively compiled SQLite engines will be used for the following operating systems:

x86 x86_64 armv5 armv6 armv7 arm64 ppc64



Linux (libc)

Linux (musl)



In the other OSs not listed above, the pure-java SQLite is used. (Applies to versions before 3.7.15)

If you want to use the native library for your OS, build the source from scratch.

GraalVM native-image support

Sqlite JDBC supports GraalVM native-image out of the box starting from version There has been rudimentary support for some versions before that, but this was not actively tested by the CI.

By default, the sqlitejdbc library for the compilation target will be included in the native image, accompanied by the required JNI configuration. At runtime, this library will be extracted to the temp folder and loaded from there. For faster startup however, it is recommended to set the org.sqlite.lib.exportPath property at build-time. This will export the sqlitejdbc library at build-time to the specified directory, and the library will not be included as a resource. As a result, the native image itself will be slightly smaller and the overhead of exporting the library at run-time is eliminated, but you need to make sure the library can be found at run-time. The best way to do this is to simply place the library next to the executable.

CLI example

native-image -Dorg.sqlite.lib.exportPath=~/outDir -H:Path=~/outDir -cp foo.jar org.example.Main

This will place both the sqlitejdbc shared library and the native-image output in the ~/outDir folder.

Maven example

This example uses the native-build-tools maven plugin:


This will automatically place the sqlitejdbc library in the /target folder of your project, creating a functional execution environment. When packaging the resulting app, simply include the library in the distribution bundle.


Download from Maven Central or from the releases page.


Snapshots of the development version are available in Sonatype’s snapshots repository.

Project versioning explained

The project’s version follows the version of the SQLite library that is bundled in the jar, with an extra digit to denote the project’s increment.

For example, if the SQLite version is 3.39.2, the project version will be 3.39.2.x, where x starts at 0, and increments with every release that is not changing the SQLite version.

If the SQLite version is updated to 3.40.0, the project version will be updated to

Hint for maven-shade-plugin

You may need to add shade plugin transformer to solve No suitable driver found for jdbc:sqlite: issue.


How can I help?

We are always looking for:

  • Reviewers for issues or PRs, you can check GitHub labels

  • Contributors to submit PRs, you can check GitHub labels and GitHub labels

Please read our contribution guide.


SQLite JDBC Driver

License:Apache License 2.0


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