The V Programming Language 0.1.x
Discord (primary community): https://discord.gg/n7c74HM
Installing V: https://github.com/vlang/v#installing-v-from-source
Key Features of V
- Simplicity: the language can be learned in half an hour, less if you already know Go
- Fast compilation: ~100k loc/s right now, ~1.2 million loc/s once x64 generation is mature enough
- Easy to develop: V compiles itself in less than a second
- Performance: within 5% of C
- Safety: no null, no globals, no undefined behavior, immutability by default
- C to V translation
- Hot code reloading
- Powerful UI and graphics libraries
- Easy cross compilation
V 1.0 release is planned for December 2019. Right now V is in an alpha stage.
GitHub marks V's code as written in Go. It's actually written in V, GitHub doesn't support the language yet.
The compilation is temporarily slower for this release:
- Debug builds are used (use
./v -prod -o v compilerto get faster compilation).
- vlib is recompiled with every program you build.
- The new formatter runs on every single token and slows the compiler down by ~20%. This will be taken care of.
Installing V from source
Linux, macOS, Windows, WSL, Android, Raspberry Pi
git clone https://github.com/vlang/v cd v make
That's it! Now you have a V executable at
[path to V repo]/v.
[path to V repo] can be anywhere.
You'll need Clang or GCC.
On macOS run
xcode-select --install if you don't have XCode or XCode tools installed.
On Windows follow these instructions: github.com/vlang/v/wiki/Installing-a-C-compiler-on-Windows
Building without make
# Download the V compiler's source translated to C curl -O https://raw.githubusercontent.com/vlang/vc/master/v.c cc -std=gnu11 -w -o v v.c -lm # Build it with Clang or GCC ./v -o v compiler # Use the resulting V binary to build V from V source
(These instructions won't work on Windows, use
Symlinking and updates
You can create a symlink so that it's globally available:
sudo ln -s [path to V repo]/v /usr/local/bin/v
V is being constantly updated. To update V, simply run
git pull origin master make
$ cd examples $ v run hello_world.v hello world $ v V 0.1.x Use Ctrl-D to exit >>> println('hello world') hello world >>>
Now if you want, you can start tinkering with the compiler. If you introduce a breaking change and rebuild V, you will no longer be able to use V to build itself. So it's a good idea to make a backup copy of a working compiler executable.
Running the examples
v hello_world.v && ./hello_world # or simply v run hello_world.v # this builds the program and runs it right away v word_counter.v && ./word_counter cinderella.txt v run news_fetcher.v v run tetris.v
In order to build Tetris and anything else using the graphics module, you will need to install glfw and freetype.
If you plan to use the http package, you also need to install libcurl.
macOS: brew install glfw freetype curl Ubuntu: sudo apt install libglfw3 libglfw3-dev libfreetype6-dev libcurl3-dev Arch: sudo pacman -S glfw-x11 curl freetype2
glfw and libcurl dependencies will be removed soon.