fabianoflorentino / awx-on-k3s

An example implementation of AWX on single node K3s using AWX Operator, with easy-to-use simplified configuration with ownership of data and passwords.

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AWX on Single Node K3s

An example implementation of AWX on single node K3s using AWX Operator, with easy-to-use simplified configuration with ownership of data and passwords.

  • Accessible over HTTPS from remote host
  • All data will be stored under /data
  • Fixed (configurable) passwords for AWX and PostgreSQL
  • Fixed (configurable) versions of AWX and PostgreSQL

If you want to view the guide for the specific version of AWX Operator, switch the page to the desired tag instead of the main branch.

Table of Contents

Environment

  • Tested on:
    • CentOS Stream 8 (Minimal)
    • K3s v1.24.6+k3s1
  • Products that will be deployed:
    • AWX Operator 0.30.0
    • AWX 21.7.0
    • PostgreSQL 13

References

Requirements

  • Computing resources
    • 2 CPUs and 4 GiB RAM minimum.
    • It's recommended to add more CPUs and RAM (like 4 CPUs and 8 GiB RAM or more) to avoid performance issue and job scheduling issue.
    • The files in this repository are configured to ignore resource requirements which specified by AWX Operator by default.
  • Storage resources
    • At least 10 GiB for /var/lib/rancher and 10 GiB for /data are safe for fresh install.
    • Both will be grown during lifetime and actual consumption highly depends on your environment and your use case, so you should to pay attention to the consumption and add more capacity if required.
    • /var/lib/rancher will be created and consumed by K3s and related data like container images and overlayfs.
    • /data will be created in this guide and used to store AWX-related databases and files.

Deployment Instruction

Prepare CentOS Stream 8 host

Disable firewalld and nm-cloud-setup if enabled. This is recommended by K3s.

# Disable firewalld
sudo systemctl disable firewalld --now

# Disable nm-cloud-setup if exists and enabled
systemctl disable nm-cloud-setup.service nm-cloud-setup.timer
reboot

Install required packages to deploy AWX Operator and AWX.

sudo dnf install -y git make

Install K3s

Install K3s with --write-kubeconfig-mode 644 to make config file (/etc/rancher/k3s/k3s.yaml) readable by non-root user.

curl -sfL https://get.k3s.io | sh -s - --write-kubeconfig-mode 644

Install AWX Operator

Install specified version of AWX Operator. Note that this procedure is applicable only for AWX Operator 0.14.0 or later. If you want to deploy 0.13.0 or earlier version of AWX Operator, refer πŸ“Tips: Deploy older version of AWX Operator.

cd ~
git clone https://github.com/ansible/awx-operator.git
cd awx-operator
git checkout 0.30.0

Export the name of the namespace where you want to deploy AWX Operator as the environment variable NAMESPACE and run make deploy. The default namespace is awx.

export NAMESPACE=awx
make deploy

The AWX Operator will be deployed to the namespace you specified.

$ kubectl -n awx get all
NAME                                                   READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
pod/awx-operator-controller-manager-68d787cfbd-kjfg7   2/2     Running   0          16s

NAME                                                      TYPE        CLUSTER-IP      EXTERNAL-IP   PORT(S)    AGE
service/awx-operator-controller-manager-metrics-service   ClusterIP   10.43.150.245   <none>        8443/TCP   16s

NAME                                              READY   UP-TO-DATE   AVAILABLE   AGE
deployment.apps/awx-operator-controller-manager   1/1     1            1           16s

NAME                                                         DESIRED   CURRENT   READY   AGE
replicaset.apps/awx-operator-controller-manager-68d787cfbd   1         1         1       16s

Prepare required files

Clone this repository and change directory.

If you want to use files suitable for the specific version of AWX Operator, refer tags in this repository and specify desired tag in git checkout.

cd ~
git clone https://github.com/kurokobo/awx-on-k3s.git
cd awx-on-k3s
git checkout 0.30.0

Generate a Self-Signed certificate. Note that IP address can't be specified. If you want to use a certificate from public ACME CA such as Let's Encrypt or ZeroSSL instead of Self-Signed certificate, follow the guide on πŸ“ Use SSL Certificate from Public ACME CA first and come back to this step when done.

AWX_HOST="awx.example.com"
openssl req -x509 -nodes -days 3650 -newkey rsa:2048 -out ./base/tls.crt -keyout ./base/tls.key -subj "/CN=${AWX_HOST}/O=${AWX_HOST}" -addext "subjectAltName = DNS:${AWX_HOST}"

Modify hostname in base/awx.yaml.

...
spec:
  ...
  ingress_type: ingress
  ingress_tls_secret: awx-secret-tls
  hostname: awx.example.com     πŸ‘ˆπŸ‘ˆπŸ‘ˆ
...

Modify two passwords in base/kustomization.yaml. Note that the password under awx-postgres-configuration should not contain single or double quotes (', ") or backslashes (\) to avoid any issues during deployment, backup or restoration.

...
  - name: awx-postgres-configuration
    type: Opaque
    literals:
      - host=awx-postgres-13
      - port=5432
      - database=awx
      - username=awx
      - password=Ansible123!     πŸ‘ˆπŸ‘ˆπŸ‘ˆ
      - type=managed

  - name: awx-admin-password
    type: Opaque
    literals:
      - password=Ansible123!     πŸ‘ˆπŸ‘ˆπŸ‘ˆ
...

Prepare directories for Persistent Volumes defined in base/pv.yaml. These directories will be used to store your databases and project files. Note that the size of the PVs and PVCs are specified in some of the files in this repository, but since their backends are hostPath, its value is just like a label and there is no actual capacity limitation.

sudo mkdir -p /data/postgres-13
sudo mkdir -p /data/projects
sudo chmod 755 /data/postgres-13
sudo chown 1000:0 /data/projects

Deploy AWX

Deploy AWX, this takes few minutes to complete.

kubectl apply -k base

To monitor the progress of the deployment, check the logs of deployments/awx-operator-controller-manager:

kubectl -n awx logs -f deployments/awx-operator-controller-manager -c awx-manager

When the deployment completes successfully, the logs end with:

$ kubectl -n awx logs -f deployments/awx-operator-controller-manager -c awx-manager
...
----- Ansible Task Status Event StdOut (awx.ansible.com/v1beta1, Kind=AWX, awx/awx) -----
PLAY RECAP *********************************************************************
localhost                  : ok=77   changed=0    unreachable=0    failed=0    skipped=68   rescued=0    ignored=1

Required objects has been deployed next to AWX Operator in awx namespace.

$ kubectl -n awx get awx,all,ingress,secrets
NAME                      AGE
awx.awx.ansible.com/awx   5m

NAME                                                   READY   STATUS    RESTARTS   AGE
pod/awx-operator-controller-manager-5d5d58758c-7xcrl   2/2     Running   0          5m35s
pod/awx-postgres-13-0                                  1/1     Running   0          4m46s
pod/awx-5b859c644-zp6x5                                4/4     Running   0          4m26s

NAME                                                      TYPE        CLUSTER-IP      EXTERNAL-IP   PORT(S)    AGE
service/awx-operator-controller-manager-metrics-service   ClusterIP   10.43.229.20    <none>        8443/TCP   5m45s
service/awx-postgres-13                                   ClusterIP   None            <none>        5432/TCP   4m46s
service/awx-service                                       ClusterIP   10.43.135.205   <none>        80/TCP     4m28s

NAME                                              READY   UP-TO-DATE   AVAILABLE   AGE
deployment.apps/awx-operator-controller-manager   1/1     1            1           5m45s
deployment.apps/awx                               1/1     1            1           4m26s

NAME                                                         DESIRED   CURRENT   READY   AGE
replicaset.apps/awx-operator-controller-manager-5d5d58758c   1         1         1       5m35s
replicaset.apps/awx-5b859c644                                1         1         1       4m26s

NAME                               READY   AGE
statefulset.apps/awx-postgres-13   1/1     4m46s

NAME                                    CLASS    HOSTS             ADDRESS                                               PORTS     AGE
ingress.networking.k8s.io/awx-ingress   <none>   awx.example.com   192.168.0.219,2400:4050:a8e2:a00:250:56ff:fe86:454d   80, 443   4m27s

NAME                                  TYPE                DATA   AGE
secret/awx-admin-password             Opaque              1      5m
secret/awx-postgres-configuration     Opaque              6      5m
secret/awx-secret-tls                 kubernetes.io/tls   2      3m54s
secret/redhat-operators-pull-secret   Opaque              1      4m30s
secret/awx-receptor-ca                Opaque              2      4m26s
secret/awx-receptor-work-signing      Opaque              2      4m29s
secret/awx-app-credentials            Opaque              3      4m30s
secret/awx-secret-key                 Opaque              1      4m55s
secret/awx-broadcast-websocket        Opaque              1      4m52s

Now your AWX is available at https://awx.example.com/ or the hostname you specified.

Note that you have to access via hostname that you specified in base/awx.yaml, instead of IP address, since this guide uses Ingress. So you should configure your DNS or hosts file on your client where the browser is running.

At this point, AWX can be accessed via HTTP as well as HTTPS. If you want to redirect HTTP to HTTPS, see πŸ“Tips: Redirect HTTP to HTTPS.

Back up and Restore AWX using AWX Operator

The AWX Operator 0.10.0 or later has the ability to back up and restore AWX in easy way.

Refer πŸ“ Back up AWX using AWX Operator and πŸ“ Restore AWX using AWX Operator for details.

Additional Guides

About

An example implementation of AWX on single node K3s using AWX Operator, with easy-to-use simplified configuration with ownership of data and passwords.

License:MIT License