longqzh / pyinstaller

Freeze (package) Python programs into stand-alone executables

Home Page:http://www.pyinstaller.org

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PyInstaller Overview

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PyInstaller bundles a Python application and all its dependencies into a single package. The user can run the packaged app without installing a Python interpreter or any modules.


PyInstaller reads a Python script written by you. It analyzes your code to discover every other module and library your script needs in order to execute. Then it collects copies of all those files -- including the active Python interpreter! -- and puts them with your script in a single folder, or optionally in a single executable file.

PyInstaller is tested against Windows, macOS, and GNU/Linux. However, it is not a cross-compiler: to make a Windows app you run PyInstaller in Windows; to make a GNU/Linux app you run it in GNU/Linux, etc. PyInstaller has been used successfully with AIX, Solaris, FreeBSD and OpenBSD, but is not tested against them as part of the continuous integration tests.

Main Advantages

  • Works out-of-the-box with any Python version 3.7-3.10.
  • Fully multi-platform, and uses the OS support to load the dynamic libraries, thus ensuring full compatibility.
  • Correctly bundles the major Python packages such as numpy, PyQt5, PySide2, Django, wxPython, matplotlib and others out-of-the-box.
  • Compatible with many 3rd-party packages out-of-the-box. (All the required tricks to make external packages work are already integrated.)
  • Libraries like PyQt5, PySide2, wxPython, matplotlib or Django are fully supported, without having to handle plugins or external data files manually.
  • Works with code signing on macOS.
  • Bundles MS Visual C++ DLLs on Windows.


PyInstaller is available on PyPI. You can install it through pip:

pip install pyinstaller

Requirements and Tested Platforms

  • Python:
  • 3.7-3.10
  • tinyaes 1.0+ (only if using bytecode encryption). Instead of installing tinyaes, pip install pyinstaller[encryption] instead.
  • Windows (32bit/64bit):
  • PyInstaller should work on Windows 7 or newer, but we only officially support Windows 8+.
  • Support for Python installed from the Windows store without using virtual environments requires PyInstaller 4.4 or later.
  • GNU/Linux (32bit/64bit)
  • ldd: Console application to print the shared libraries required by each program or shared library. This typically can be found in the distribution-package glibc or libc-bin.
  • objdump: Console application to display information from object files. This typically can be found in the distribution-package binutils.
  • objcopy: Console application to copy and translate object files. This typically can be found in the distribution-package binutils, too.
  • macOS (64bit):
  • macOS 10.15 (Catalina) or newer.


Basic usage is very simple, just run it against your main script:

pyinstaller /path/to/yourscript.py

For more details, see the manual.

Untested Platforms

The following platforms have been contributed and any feedback or enhancements on these are welcome.

  • FreeBSD
  • ldd
  • Solaris
  • ldd
  • objdump
  • AIX
  • AIX 6.1 or newer. PyInstaller will not work with statically linked Python libraries.
  • ldd
  • PowerPC GNU/Linux (Debian)

Before using any contributed platform, you need to build the PyInstaller bootloader, as we do not ship binary packages. Download PyInstaller source, and build the bootloader:

cd bootloader
python ./waf all

Then install PyInstaller:

python setup.py install

or simply use it directly from the source (pyinstaller.py).


See http://www.pyinstaller.org/support.html for how to find help as well as for commercial support.

Changes in this Release

You can find a detailed list of changes in this release in the Changelog section of the manual.


Freeze (package) Python programs into stand-alone executables




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