khursani8 / hello-github-actions

Home Page:!

Geek Repo:Geek Repo

Github PK Tool:Github PK Tool


github-learning-lab opened this issue · comments


This course helps you create a simple action and use that action in a workflow.

There are parts of this course which will need to be completed locally, using the command line. During those steps, more instructions are provided in case you're used to working with the interface directly.

Note: This course will only work for members of the GitHub Actions limited public beta.

GitHub Actions is currently in limited public beta and is subject to change. We strongly recommend that you do not use this feature for high-value workflows and content during the beta period. For more information, see "About GitHub Actions."

Actions and Workflows

There are two components to using GitHub Actions that we'll cover:

  • the action itself
  • a workflow that uses the action

A workflow can contain many actions, but each action has its own purpose. So, we'll put the files relating to the action in their own directory.

Step 1: Creating a Dockerfile

Every GitHub Action runs in a Docker container and requires a Dockerfile. Let's add it now. We won't discuss what each line means in detail, but the important thing to know is that the action will be executed in an environment defined by this file.

⌨️ Activity: Create a Dockerfile and open a pull request

  1. Create a new branch
    • Branches should be named intentionally, so a good name for this branch could be first-action
  2. On the new branch, create a directory: action-a
    • Note: If you're working on, you can create a directory and a file at the same time by naming the file action-a/Dockerfile
  3. In the action-a directory, create a file titled Dockerfile
  4. Fill the Dockerfile with the content below:
    FROM debian:9.5-slim
    LABEL ""="Hello World"
    LABEL "com.github.actions.description"="Write arguments to the standard output"
    LABEL "com.github.actions.icon"="mic"
    LABEL "com.github.actions.color"="purple"
    LABEL "repository"=""
    LABEL "homepage"=""
    LABEL "maintainer"="Octocat <>"
    ADD /
    ENTRYPOINT ["/"]
  5. Stage and commit your file
    • If you're working locally, you will also need to push the branch to GitHub
  6. Open a pull request with your new branch against master

I'll respond in your new pull request with next steps.