jbenden / ansible-role-nginx

Ansible role to manage Nginx on FreeBSD

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Ansible Role: Nginx

Build Status

Installs Nginx on RedHat/CentOS or Debian/Ubuntu Linux, FreeBSD or OpenBSD servers.

This role installs and configures the latest version of Nginx from the Nginx yum repository (on RedHat-based systems) or via apt (on Debian-based systems) or pkgng (on FreeBSD systems) or pkg_add (on OpenBSD systems). You will likely need to do extra setup work after this role has installed Nginx, like adding your own [virtualhost].conf file inside /etc/nginx/conf.d/, describing the location and options to use for your particular website.



Role Variables

Available variables are listed below, along with default values (see defaults/main.yml):

nginx_vhosts: []

A list of vhost definitions (server blocks) for Nginx virtual hosts. If left empty, you will need to supply your own virtual host configuration. See the commented example in defaults/main.yml for available server options. If you have a large number of customizations required for your server definition(s), you're likely better off managing the vhost configuration file yourself, leaving this variable set to [].

  - listen: "80 default_server"
    server_name: "example.com"
    root: "/var/www/example.com"
    index: "index.php index.html index.htm"
    error_page: ""
    access_log: ""
    error_log: ""
    extra_parameters: |
      location ~ \.php$ {
          fastcgi_split_path_info ^(.+\.php)(/.+)$;
          fastcgi_pass unix:/var/run/php5-fpm.sock;
          fastcgi_index index.php;
          fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
          include fastcgi_params;

An example of a fully-populated nginx_vhosts entry, using a | to declare a block of syntax for the extra_parameters.

Please take note of the indentation in the above block. The first line should be a normal 2-space indent. All other lines should be indented normally relative to that line. In the generated file, the entire block will be 4-space indented. This style will ensure the config file is indented correctly.

nginx_remove_default_vhost: false

Whether to remove the 'default' virtualhost configuration supplied by Nginx. Useful if you want the base / URL to be directed at one of your own virtual hosts configured in a separate .conf file.

nginx_vhosts_filename: "vhosts.conf"

The filename to use to store vhosts configuration. If you run the role multiple times (e.g. include the role with with_items), you can change the name for each run, effectively creating a separate vhosts file per vhost configuration.

nginx_upstreams: []

If you are configuring Nginx as a load balancer, you can define one or more upstream sets using this variable. In addition to defining at least one upstream, you would need to configure one of your server blocks to proxy requests through the defined upstream (e.g. proxy_pass http://myapp1;). See the commented example in defaults/main.yml for more information.

nginx_user: "nginx"

The user under which Nginx will run. Defaults to nginx for RedHat, www-data for Debian and www on FreeBSD and OpenBSD.

nginx_worker_processes: "{{ ansible_processor_vcpus|default(ansible_processor_count) }}"
nginx_worker_connections: "1024"
nginx_multi_accept: "off"

nginx_worker_processes should be set to the number of cores present on your machine (if the default is incorrect, find this number with grep processor /proc/cpuinfo | wc -l). nginx_worker_connections is the number of connections per process. Set this higher to handle more simultaneous connections (and remember that a connection will be used for as long as the keepalive timeout duration for every client!). You can set nginx_multi_accept to on if you want Nginx to accept all connections immediately.

nginx_error_log: "/var/log/nginx/error.log warn"
nginx_access_log: "/var/log/nginx/access.log main buffer=16k"

Configuration of the default error and access logs. Set to off to disable a log entirely.

nginx_sendfile: "on"
nginx_tcp_nopush: "on"
nginx_tcp_nodelay: "on"

TCP connection options. See this blog post for more information on these directives.

nginx_keepalive_timeout: "65"
nginx_keepalive_requests: "100"

Nginx keepalive settings. Timeout should be set higher (10s+) if you have more polling-style traffic (AJAX-powered sites especially), or lower (<10s) if you have a site where most users visit a few pages and don't send any further requests.

nginx_server_tokens: "on"

Nginx server_tokens settings. Controls whether nginx responds with it's version in HTTP headers. Set to "off" to disable.

nginx_client_max_body_size: "64m"

This value determines the largest file upload possible, as uploads are passed through Nginx before hitting a backend like php-fpm. If you get an error like client intended to send too large body, it means this value is set too low.

nginx_server_names_hash_bucket_size: "64"

If you have many server names, or have very long server names, you might get an Nginx error on startup requiring this value to be increased.

nginx_proxy_cache_path: ""

Set as the proxy_cache_path directive in the nginx.conf file. By default, this will not be configured (if left as an empty string), but if you wish to use Nginx as a reverse proxy, you can set this to a valid value (e.g. "/var/cache/nginx keys_zone=cache:32m") to use Nginx's cache (further proxy configuration can be done in individual server configurations).

nginx_extra_http_options: ""

Extra lines to be inserted in the top-level http block in nginx.conf. The value should be defined literally (as you would insert it directly in the nginx.conf, adhering to the Nginx configuration syntax - such as ; for line termination, etc.), for example:

nginx_extra_http_options: |
  proxy_buffering    off;
  proxy_set_header   X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
  proxy_set_header   X-Scheme $scheme;
  proxy_set_header   X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
  proxy_set_header   Host $http_host;

nginx_log_format: |
  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
  '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
  '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"'

Configures Nginx's log_format. options.

nginx_default_release: ""

(For Debian/Ubuntu only) Allows you to set a different repository for the installation of Nginx. As an example, if you are running Debian's wheezy release, and want to get a newer version of Nginx, you can install the wheezy-backports repository and set that value here, and Ansible will use that as the -t option while installing Nginx.

nginx_ppa_use: false
nginx_ppa_version: stable

(For Ubuntu only) Allows you to use the official Nginx PPA instead of the system's package. You can set the version to stable or development.

nginx_yum_repo_enabled: true

(For RedHat/CentOS only) Set this to false to disable the installation of the nginx yum repository. This could be necessary if you want the default OS stable packages, or if you use Satellite.



Example Playbook

- hosts: server
    - { role: geerlingguy.nginx }



Author Information

This role was created in 2014 by Jeff Geerling, author of Ansible for DevOps.


Ansible role to manage Nginx on FreeBSD