darkdarkfruit / rspmsg

common response message

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What is it?

A python rspmsg module with simplication and modification attached.

Note:

python version: >=3.6

(For python2.7 version, use rspmsg_version < 0.9, eg: https://github.com/darkdarkfruit/rspmsg/releases/tag/v_0.7.1)

Rspmsg specification

|--------+--------+-----------+-----------+------------+-------------------------------------------------------|
| Field  | type   | Required? | Optional? | value      | Meaning                                               |
|--------+--------+-----------+-----------+------------+-------------------------------------------------------|
| status | string | *         |           | "S" or "F" | Is the response successful?                           |
| code   | any    |           | *         |            | CODE for application logic(Normally it is an integer) |
| data   | any    |           | *         |            | Data(payload) of the response                         |
| desc   | any    |           | *         |            | Description: normally it's a helping infomation       |
| meta   | any    |           | *         |            | Meta info. eg: servers/ips chain in distributed env.  |
|        |        |           |           |            |                                                       |
|--------+--------+-----------+-----------+------------+-------------------------------------------------------|
  • Field:status is always in state: "S" or "F"(represents "Successful", "Failed"), no 3th state.

Decide essage type responded in server side

When do we set the message as successful or faild? It varies. Here are some suggestions.

  • If the server can reponse with correspondent resource right now, we should mark the message as a 'S' (SUCCESSFUL) message.
  • If the server can NOT response with correspondent resource right now, we should mark the message as a 'F' (FAILED) message while setting a meaningful code.
    • eg1:

        rspmsg_successful = {
            status : "S",
            ...
        }
      
    • eg2:

        # If we want to return a response message to tell client that:
        #   1. debug info: the message has flowed to nodes: ["192.168.1.6", "192.168.1.7"]
        #   2. Please wait 5 seconds to retry.
        # we might response a message like below:
        rspmsg_failed = {
            status : "F",
            code : 100,
            data : {
                seconds: 5
            },
            desc : "Server is busy, please wait 5 seconds to continue",
            meta : {
                nodes: ["192.168.1.6", "192.168.1.7"]
            }
      

Install:

* pip install rspmsg or (pip3 install rspmsg)
Or
* download the tarbal, decompress it, then run "python setup.py install"

Test:

  # ensure you have the pytest for python3
  > pip3 install pytest
  > whereis pytest
  > pytest: /usr/local/bin/pytest
  > pytest --version
  > This is pytest version 3.3.2, imported from /usr/local/lib/python3.6/site-packages/pytest.py
  >
  > pytest rspmsg/

API: (only 1 class and 2 functions)

  • class

    * Message
    
  • functions:

    * make_successful_message 
    * make_failed_message
    

FAQ

  • Why use "S" and "F" to represents "SUCCESSFUL" and "FAILED"? How about 1 or 0, or true or false.

    1. "S" and "F" is clear and presentative.
    2. 1 or 0? In many programing languages, 1 stands for true, 0 stands for false; while in linux return code, triditionally, 0 stands for successful-code, non-0(eg:1) stands for error-code.
    3. true or false? In interactive envirenment, we might confuse boolean value: (true, false) with string value ("true", "false"), and that will make us misarable in large project.

Usage: (sample)

Python 3.6.2 (default, Aug 10 2017, 10:07:10) 
Type 'copyright', 'credits' or 'license' for more information
IPython 6.1.0 -- An enhanced Interactive Python. Type '?' for help.

In [1]: import rspmsg
   ...: 

In [2]: rspmsg.__version__
   ...: 
Out[2]: '0.6.0'

In [3]: msg = rspmsg.make_successful_message(code=0, data={'payload' : 'yes'})
   ...: 

In [4]: msg
Out[4]: 
{'code': 0,
 'data': {'payload': 'yes'},
 'desc': None,
 'meta': None,
 'status': 'S'}

In [5]: msg.dumps()
Out[5]: '{"status": "S", "code": 0, "data": {"payload": "yes"}, "desc": null, "meta": null}'

In [6]: msg.dumps(skip_none=True)
Out[6]: '{"status": "S", "code": 0, "data": {"payload": "yes"}}'

In [7]: msg_failed = rspmsg.make_failed_message()
   ...: 

In [8]: msg_failed
Out[8]: {'code': None, 'data': None, 'desc': None, 'meta': None, 'status': 'F'}

In [9]: msg_failed.dumps()
Out[9]: '{"status": "F", "code": null, "data": null, "desc": null, "meta": null}'

In [10]: msg_failed.dumps(skip_none=True)
Out[10]: '{"status": "F"}'

In [11]: msg_loaded = rspmsg.Message.loads(msg.dumps())
    ...: 

In [12]: msg_loaded
Out[12]: 
{'code': 0,
 'data': {'payload': 'yes'},
 'desc': None,
 'meta': None,
 'status': 'S'}

In [13]: msg_loaded.data = 0

In [14]: msg_loaded = rspmsg.Message.loads(msg.dumps())
    ...: 

In [15]: msg_loaded
Out[15]: 
{'code': 0,
 'data': {'payload': 'yes'},
 'desc': None,
 'meta': None,
 'status': 'S'}

In [16]: msg_loaded.dumps()
Out[16]: '{"status": "S", "code": 0, "data": {"payload": "yes"}, "desc": null, "meta": null}'

In [17]: msg_loaded.dumps(skip_none=True)
Out[17]: '{"status": "S", "code": 0, "data": {"payload": "yes"}}'

In [18]: rspmsg.loads(json.dumps({'status' : 'S', 'code' : 0, 'data' : {'payload' : 'yes'}}))
Out[18]: 
{'code': 0,
 'data': {'payload': 'yes'},
 'desc': None,
 'meta': None,
 'status': 'S'}

About

common response message

License:MIT License


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