Rich-Harris / stacking-order

Determine which of two elements is in front of the other

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Determine which of two nodes appears in front of the other.


The stacking order rules are fairly complex. Determining whether node A will render in front of node B involves much more than comparing the z-index of the two nodes – you have to consider their parents, and which of them create new stacking contexts, which in turn depends on CSS properties like opacity, transform, mix-blend-mode and various others that you probably hadn't considered.

The tie-breaker, if that doesn't yield a conclusive answer, is the position in the document (with later nodes rendering in front of earlier nodes).


npm install --save stacking-order

...or grab a copy from


import { compare } from 'stacking-order';

const a = document.querySelector('.a');
const b = document.querySelector('.b');

const order = compare(a, b);
// -> `1` if a is in front of b, `-1` otherwise


It's entirely possible that the algorithm used here doesn't exactly match the spec. If you find a bug, please raise an issue after reading Thanks!



made by @rich_harris


Determine which of two elements is in front of the other


Language:JavaScript 75.6%Language:HTML 24.4%